French Air-raid on Berlin

 

The Farman Brothers, Richard and Henri, founded The Farman Aviation Works (Avions Farman) and produced both aircraft and areo engines from 1908-1936. Following the French nationalisation of the aeronautical industry, they were absorbed into the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Centre (SNCAC).




The Farman F.220 was designed in 1925 and first flew on May 26th 1932. It was the largest bomber to see service in the French forces in either war. It was a high wing monoplane, powered by four engines. Following the incorporation into SNCAC this design was further developed, now designated the NC.223, with orders being placed for 8 number under the designation of NC233.3 commencing in 1939. A further variant, NC 223.4, was also adopted by the French Naval Service. On the night of 7th June 1940, an NC 223.4 named 'Jules Verne' became the first allied aircraft to bomb Berlin, dropping a total of 2800 kg of bombs. This was in retaliation for the German bombing of Paris; while the value of the raid proved more psychological than anything else (they missed their target), the raid was repeated three days later on the 10th June 1940.



French bomb. Converted from a 75 mm artiliery shell.


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